By Bridget Morris, Denis Searby
St. Birgitta of Sweden (1303-1373, canonized 1391) was once essentially the most charismatic and influential lady visionaries of the later heart a long time. Altogether, she got a few seven hundred revelations, facing matters starting from meditations at the human , family affairs in Sweden, and ecclesiastical issues in Rome, to revelations in compliment of the Incarnation and devotion to the Virgin. Her Revelations, accumulated and ordered by means of her confessors, circulated greatly all through Europe and lengthy after her loss of life. Many eminent members, together with Cardinal Juan Torquemada, Jean Gerson, and Martin Luther, learn and commented on her writings, which stimulated the non secular lives of numerous participants. Birgitta used to be additionally the founding father of a brand new monastic order, which nonetheless exists this day. She is the consumer saint of Sweden, and in 2000 used to be declared (with Catherine of Siena and Edith Stein) co-patroness of Europe. Birgitta's Revelations current her as a commanding and dauntless visionary who develops a contemplative mysticism that's regularly interwoven with social engagement and a dedication to the salvation of the area. Their various type is ruled by means of widespread juxtapositions of memorable pictures and allegories that illustrate her fierce and fertile mind's eye, her sharp powers of statement and realizing, and her passionate and receptive storytelling powers. this is often the 1st of 4 projected volumes providing the 1st whole translation of the Revelations into English because the heart a while. This quantity, which covers Books I-III of the Revelations, comprises a few of her earliest visions, courting from the 1340s. booklet I addresses many of the significant subject matters of her spirituality, and Books II and III include a sustained critique of the sessions of knights and bishops. The editors offer an in depth creation outlining the most important features of Birgitta's spirituality, her existence and paintings, her type and use of assets, and the most gains of her theology.
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Additional info for The Revelations of St. Birgitta of Sweden: Volume I: Liber Caelestis, Books I-III
22 The locus classicus for describing the process can be quoted here: The words that were given her from God she wrote down in her mother tongue with her own hand when she was well and she had us, her father confessors, make a very faithful translation of them into Latin. She then listened to the translation together with her own writing, which she herself had written, to make sure that not one word was added or subtracted, but was exactly what she had heard and seen in the divine vision. But if she was ill she would call her confessor and a scribe, especially appointed as secretary for this, whereupon with great devotion and fear of God and sometimes in tears, she spoke the words to him in her native language in a kind of attentive mental elevation, as if she was reading them in a book; and then the confessor dictated these words in Latin to the scribe, and he wrote them down there in her presence.
When his friends see it could be made lovelier still, they add more paint. The explanation is that God has placed words from his divine forest into Birgitta’s heart and her friends have gathered them into books and ornamented them. In order that the texts may be translated into other languages, the confessors are instructed to hand them over to Alfonso for him to adorn further while preserving their orthodoxy. 41 The Revelations during Birgitta’s Life We cannot tell how many of the visions Birgitta wrote down were in her native tongue.
Birgitta of sweden mark, and also by Magnus’s failed expansionist campaign in the eastern Baltic from 1348 to 1351, and the ravages of the Black Death from 1349 through 1350. Magnus’s attempts to increase revenue by stringent taxation caused deep resentment, not least among the traditional aristocracy—Birgitta’s own class— which was further deepened as Magnus rejected the aristocracy and elevated his own favorites. The king also borrowed money that was intended for the papal treasury and was excommunicated for defaulting on the payments.