By LIU, Y.
This ebook is a case research of the Dutch East India Company's tea alternate with China, facing the part of 1757-1781, the longest and most crucial and ecocnomic section of the Dutch Company's China alternate. It makes a speciality of the query why and the way the tea exchange was once taken out of the fingers of the excessive govt in Batavia and positioned lower than the supervision of the newly verified China Committee in 1757. different factors which contributed to the exceptional upward thrust of this alternate and its surprising decline are handled intimately. This research fills in many of the lacunae left open by way of past examine and is a contribution to a extra entire realizing of the VOC alternate with Asia.
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Extra info for The Dutch East India Company's Tea Trade with China, 1757-1781 (Tanap Monographs on the History of the Asian-European Interaction)
Very recently Els M. Jacobs drew her conclusions on the rise and decline of the VOC Chinese tea trade in a brief description of the tea trade within the larger context of her masterly survey of the Dutch intraAsian trade during the eighteenth century. As she mentions, the traditional viewpoint is that, owing to its late entry in the Canton trade, the VOC could not catch up and compete with the other European companies, and consequently the English had stolen a march on the Dutch after 1750. Jacobs, however, concluded that the results of the Chinese tea trade of the Dutch Company in no little measure depended on the performance of its rivals.
11 The cargoes consisted of articles from the homeland or elsewhere in Europe (hereafter the “Home goods”) as well as from the East Indies (hereafter the “Batavia goods”). The “Home goods”, such as miscellaneous English and other foreign draperies, lead, cochineal and precious metals, besides a number of Dutch woollen fabrics and ras de Marocco, were more expensive than those of the competitors because they THE CHINA COMMITTEE AND ITS MANAGEMENT 21 were sent first to Batavia and stored in its pernicious climate, and then traded and surcharged again with all the extra expenses accrued in Batavia.
Record Type D – The “Lists of the Deliveries, with the Names of the Buyers and Prices Paid at the Sale by the Zeeland Chamber, 1724-1776” (NA VOC 13377, Lijsten van de leveranties, met namen van de kopers en betaalde prijzen op de verkoping van de kamer Zeeland, 1724-1776). Over the period 1758-1776, the auction dates, the origins of the teas, INTRODUCTION 13 the names of the tea-buyers, the quantities of teas purchased by various tea-buyers, and the auction prices fetched by teas as well as the total amounts paid by the tea-buyers at the auctions organized by the Zeeland Chamber are clearly recorded in the lists.