By Gerda Neyer, Gunnar Andersson, Hill Kulu, Laura Bernardi, Christoph Bühler
Over the prior many years Europe has witnessed primary alterations of its inhabitants dynamics and inhabitants constitution. Fertility has fallen lower than substitute point in just about all eu international locations, whereas childbearing habit and relatives formation became extra diversified. existence expectancy has elevated in Western Europe for either adult females and men, yet has been declining for males in a few jap ecu international locations. Immigration from non-European international locations has elevated considerably, as has mobility inside Europe. those adjustments pose significant demanding situations to inhabitants stories, as traditional theoretical assumptions relating to demographic habit and demographic improvement appear undeserving to supply convincing causes of the hot demographic changes.
This booklet, derived from the symposium on “The Demography of Europe” held on the Max Planck Institute for Demographic study in Rostock, Germany in November 2007 in honor of Professor Jan M. Hoem, brings jointly top inhabitants researchers within the quarter of fertility, family members, migration, life-expectancy, and mortality. The contributions current key problems with the hot demography of Europe and speak about key learn advances to appreciate the continent’s demographic improvement on the flip of the twenty first century.
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Additional resources for The Demography of Europe
Policies addressing the tempo effect in low-fertility countries. Population and Development Review, 31(4), 699–720. 26 P. , & Testa, M. R. (2006). The low-fertility trap hypothesis: Forces that may lead to further postponement and fewer births in Europe. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, 2006, 167–192. McDonald, P. (1993). Convergence or compromise in historical family change? In E. Berquo & P. ), Family systems and cultural change (pp. 15–30). Oxford: Clarendon Press. McDonald, P. (1994).
Some countries even tend to shift between different regimes, depending on which policy is included in the analysis. , the classification of care regimes in Saraceno and Keck 2010 and of family policies in Thévenon 2011). This may also make it more difficult to assess linkages between welfarestate configurations and fertility. However, such fuzziness and instability arise primarily if the classification is based on only one single policy at a time. Radical, paradigmatic changes in policy directions are rare (Hall 1993).
By focusing on the notions of gender, equality, security, class, social rights, and family incorporated in welfare-state policies, this research emphasizes that welfare states are not neutral towards all groups of society and towards all forms of social behavior. Welfare states support specific types of behavior and discriminate against others. They give privilege to specific forms of life-course organizations by making work and family behavior which is compatible with welfare-state policies more meaningful, ‘‘rational’’ or advantageous than other forms of behavior.