By Michael Jones
Michael Jones is known on each side of the Channel as an expert on past due medieval Breton background. during this e-book he brings jointly a lot of his paintings at the topic, analyzing not just the management of the duchy but additionally extra intangible questions on the id of a overdue medieval nation.
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Extra info for The Creation of Brittany: A Late Medieval State
Fortifying the cathedral close and putting the urban defences in order did not, however, prevent further raiding and a few years later many of the leading men, not only of the county of Nantes, capital of the Carolingian march, but of Brittany at large, sought refuge in more distant parts of France or crossed the Channel to England. Amongst the latter were Matuedoi, count of Poher — the central districts of the present department of Finistere — and his son Alan. ; La Borderie 1898; Guillotel 19793).
The growth of castellanies was not entirely haphazard but neither, as these examples show, was it altogether the result of careful manipulation of men and lordships by powerful princes. ; Lemarigmer 1945, 115-22). THE EVOLUTION OF CASTLES AND TOWNS c. 1150-1340 The eleventh and first half of the twelfth century had thus seen in Brittany theestablishment of numerous comital and seigneurial castles with authority far in excess of that which could be exercised from a primitive feudal motte, although the actual buildings were not militarily so advanced as those in some neighbouring provinces.
Witnesses in the charters of Alan, HoeTs successor, were sometimes divided into two groups, the Nantais and the Bretons (C. Ste-Croix, no. XXXV). But emigration from Bretagne-bretonnante to Bretagne-gallo had also clearly been occurring at a time when there were only the loosest political links between the counts of Cornouaille and Nantes. 30 The Creation of Brittany The evidence of personal names, particularly but not exclusively from the cartulary of Redon, suggests that many of the lords of the Loire basin were of Breton-speaking origin.