By David Highfield
Facade-retention schemes are getting used progressively more as a way of supplying sleek lodging for advertisement and business constructions in conservation components and town centres. This publication is the 1st authoritative consultant to this hugely complicated process and offers with the foremost matters linked to development at the back of historical facades. It explains the factors that are meant to be utilized by architects and others in constructing winning designs, and provides an perception into the technical difficulties. It contains finished descriptions of 8 fresh schemes, illustrated by way of quite a few precise drawings and images.
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Extra info for The Construction of New Buildings Behind Historic Facades
6). To allow for variations in the gap size between the mild steel brackets and the uneven facade, thin mild steel packing plates were used as required to fill the space between the vertical legs of the brackets and the inside face of the facade. A total of 51 resin-anchor connections were used to tie back the facade, initially to the temporary support system, and finally to the new structural frame. 21 were located at 750 mm centres at first floor level, 21 at 750 mm centres at second floor level and 9 at third floor level.
The ‘Kemfix’ resin capsule comprises a sealed glass tube containing polyester resin, quartz granules and a phial of hardener which, when the capsule is broken and they are mixed, form a rapid-setting resinous mortar. 3. 20 mm diameter×240 mm long threaded stainless steel stud spun into the hole using a rotary percussion drill. This operation breaks the ‘Kemfix’ capsule, mixes the ingredients and embeds the stud in the resulting resinous mortar. 4. Mild steel facade-tie bracket secured to projecting threaded end of stainless steel stud using nut and washer.
12 show parts of the system before and during demolition of the existing building. Facade ties The facade was initially tied back to the temporary support system, and finally to the new steel frame, by means of resin-anchor ties at three levels, together with a number of through-ties at the uppermost level. As previously explained, the first bay of the new steel frame had to be erected prior to any demolition of the existing structure to act as the facade’s temporary support system. In addition to the problems of installing the temporary support system within the existing building, the sequence of operations was further complicated by the fact that the floor levels of the existing building conflicted with those of the new Copyright 1991 David Highfield building.