The Added Value of Geographical Information Systems in by M.J. de Lepper, Henk J. Scholten, Richard M. Stern

By M.J. de Lepper, Henk J. Scholten, Richard M. Stern

This publication is among the first to introduce the opportunity of the new and swiftly constructing GIS know-how within the box of public and environmental future health. Contributions contain papers initially provided in December 1990 at a gathering on the nationwide Institute of Public future health and Environmental safeguard in Bilthoven, the Netherlands, convened by means of the realm well-being association local place of work for Europe to debate the improvement of a healthiness and surroundings Geographical details process for the ecu zone. The individuals shape a wide-ranging workforce of foreign specialists and comprise best researchers within the box of well-being and setting, fashionable GIS specialists and representatives of presidency enterprises.
This publication brings jointly a balanced pattern of written paintings that covers vital elements of the foundations considering GIS in addition to demonstrating the possibilities which using GIS can supply to learn and making plans within the fields of public and environmental overall healthiness. furthermore, contributions specialise in the call for and provide of spatial details in public and environmental well-being. As an representation of the paintings being undertaken, a few examples of present functions are supplied, by means of a dialogue at the chances of spatial research for examine and making plans within the fields. This publication additionally addresses matters with regards to the implementation of GIS at either nationwide and foreign degrees.
the quantity not just offers an outstanding advent to the state of the art and advancements within the program of GIS in public and environmental healthiness; it will possibly even be considered as a seedbed for destiny examine efforts.
for college students and lecturers of GIS in addition to for researchers, planners, policymakers and different pros who desire to study extra approximately GIS and are curious about the applying, implementation and use of GIS in public and environmental well-being.

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Organizational and communication difficulties frequently prevent the integration of occupational health data in general health statistics and of occupational exposures with environmental exposures. Registers of occupations associated with known risk for exposures or health outcomes are maintained, although the data are most useful when coupled with public health records: the recording of occupational information at the same time health status is determined is of the utmost importance. Very little is currently known about how occupation affects public health, especially in one-industry or one-employer communities.

The Added Value of Geographical Information Systems in Public and Environmental Health, 3-24. © 1995 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 4 RICHARD M. STERN and physical surroundings. , stress, birth weight, cancer) are known to be sensitive to environmental factors, the identification of the relative contribution of many of the chemical and non-chemical factors to average or individual health status is frequently unknown and may vary greatly as a function of place and time.

1). Health care infrastructure is important in that respect: access to data in countries with a national medical care system and central administration is more feasible than in countries with independent (private and/or local) health agencies. Sufficient coverage of the population is, in most countries, obtained only for mortality and, to a lesser extent, morbidity data. Quality and comparability of indicators across countries is of course a prerequisite for any meaningful comparison of data using GIS or other techniques.

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