By Rosemary O'Kane
What diversified varieties does terrorism take and what have they got in common?
Explosives carried within the rucksack. A bomb lower than a park bench. A hi-jacked aeroplane. this day those photos of terrorism are broadcast into our houses. Terrorism itself embodies excess of this, however. those that create terror should not simply companies reminiscent of al Qaieda and ETA but additionally states and repressive governing regimes.
Spanning 2000 years and three assorted continents, Rosemary H.T. O’Kane explores terrorism in all its types: terrorist teams, old and sleek, non secular, political, separatist and nationalist, coming up inside of liberal democracies and less than repressive regimes, undertaking family, overseas and transnational terrorism; innovative reigns of terror; totalitarian regimes; kingdom terrorism, together with massacres and genocidal campaigns; and overseas kingdom terrorism.
Case stories are integrated and factors are explored for every of those many terrorisms. irrespective of the shape, even though, the strategy continues to be primarily an identical - a process of precis justice: in its essence the planned focusing on of innocents as victims.
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Additional resources for Terrorism
Qxd 5/2/07 5:31 PM Page 33 ··· THE CONCEPT OF TERRORISM ··· without any criminal proceedings being taken against these persons on charges of committing a specific crime or of a specific offence and, also, even in those cases where these persons are acquitted by a court of the accusation of committing a specific crime. (Conquest, 1971: 425) Hundreds of thousands of people passed before the Special Boards without rights to either defence or to appeal, and cases were brought not only against groups of people at a time without specific charges but also in absentia.
This is why neither terrorist groups nor terror regimes are associated exclusively with either left-wing or right-wing thinking, and terrorism may also be associated, as in the holy terror of the Thugs, Zealots and Assassins, with ideas that fit comfortably with neither left nor right descriptions. That political terrorism has a basic belief in the justification for the use of violence for political ends, its purpose to produce fear in order to achieve political goals, is a common theme in the literature on the concept of terrorism.
In 1887, with most of the leaders captured and many executed, the People’s Will set out to repeat its ‘blow at the very centre of government’, but this time the plot to assassinate Tsar Alexander III was foiled and the plotters were arrested and executed. The People’s Will advocated terrorism as the means to revolution in Russia because Russia was an autocracy reliant on a highly coercive state. The group did not advocate terrorism in parliamentary regimes, where opposition was both legal and real.