Supercooling by P. Wilson

By P. Wilson

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1. In the concentration range from ca. 80 to 82 wt% for C8Glu, the ice was formed by the devitrification and thawed in the heating process (Fig. 1(a)). Devitrification was defined as the solidification phenomena after the temperature exceeded Tg in the heating process. 5 Exo. 5 Endo. 5 -16 -120 -80 -40 0 40 80 120 Temp. [o C] Fig. 1. Typical DSC thermograms of heating process at 10 ºC/min of C8Glu/water mixture. The concentration of the sample is expressed in wt %. White arrows indicate the phase transition between the liquid crystalline phases or from the liquid crystalline phases to an isotropic solution or melt.

Kishi, A. ). These peaks disappeared in the region above 0 ºC. No peaks other than the ice were observed throughout the each and every temperature examined. It meant that formation of eutectic was completely depressed by C12Raf at this NaCl concentration. Fig. 5 mol/kg. Highly meaningful results could be obtained by this method. 11(a) in a similar manner. 8 [deg]. ; Motegi, A. & Murase, N. ). That is, it was found that the devitrification induced the formation of eutectic after the occurrence of the glass transition at −50 ºC.

Seimiya, T. ). 5 ºC, respectively (Andersson, B. & Olofsson, G. (1987). ; Suemori, T. & Inoue T. (1997). Nibu, Y. & Inoue, T. (1998a, 1998b). Zheng, L. ; Suzuki, M. & Inoue, T. (2002). ; Inoue, T. & Lindman, B. ). Contrary to this, the phase diagram of sugar-based surfactant seems to be uncompleted particularly under supercooled conditions under 0 ºC. Some nonionic surfactants were not used as a curative agent but a plasticizer because they showed the glass transition temperature (Tg) at low temperature region (Jensen, R.

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