Stone: Properties Durability in Man’s Environment by Erhard M. Winkler

By Erhard M. Winkler

As essentially the most generally available development fabrics on hand to guy, typical stone has been in wide use for plenty of centuries. It it's a significant factor, and in locations the one one, of artificial constructions internationally, and its homes, purposes, and behaviour over lengthy sessions of time represent a narrative that's virtually unbelievably compleX'. very important parts of the tale are defined and interrelated during this quantity. That the eX'posed elements of the earth's crust supply a substantial number of rock varieties is clear to any considerate observer. To the geologist falls the duty of characterizing and eX'plaining this sort, yet many different kinds of experts who're serious about the economic use of stone even have a vital stake within the subject. From quarryman to mason, from architect to structural engineer, and positively from patron to destiny observer, there's compelling curiosity within the nature, visual appeal, and sturdiness of 1 stone in comparison with one other, or of stone compared with another fabric. Small ask yourself, then, that a lot has been written at the topic, and that various elements of industrial stone and its homes have appealed to a number of investigators.

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The light trans- 2. Properlies of Stone 46 mission data for a few commercial marbles and for highly translucent Mexican Onyx are plotted in Fig. 43. The graphs permit extrapolation of the light transmission for any thickness of the marble slab. The light transmission may also be evaluated on a qualitative basis, as transparent, translucent and opaque. Transparent A material is transparent if an object behind a thin slab of the material can be clearly identified, like glass, clear white mica, quartz crystals, some gypsum crystals, etc.

5. BRACE, W. , 1964: Brittle fracture of rocks. In: State of Stress in the Earth's Crust (W. R. ); American Elsevier Publishing Co, pp. 111-180. 6. BaucE, W. , 1970: How to predict the penetration rate of percussion drills. Mining Engineering, November 1970, pp. 62-64. 7. CLARK, G. B, and R. D. CANDLE, 1961: Geologie structure stability and deep protection construction. Technical Documentary Report No. AFS WC-TDR-61-93. Air Force Special Weapons Center, Project No. 1080, Task No. 108001. 8. , and H.

Anonymous, 1962: Marble Engineering Handbook. , Washington, D. C. 3. Anonymous, 1968: A dictionary of mining, minerals, and related terms. Div. S. Govt. Printing Office, Washington, D. C. Applied Mineralogy 4 4 50 2. Properties of Stone 4. BARTON, W. , 1968: Dimension stone. S. Bur. of Mines, Circular 8391, 147 p. 5. , 1968: Introduction to petrology. , 371 p. 6. BLAm, B. , 1955: Physical properties of mine rock, part III. S. Bur. of Mines, Rept. of Investig. 4 727, 37 p. 7. BLAm, B.

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