By Helmut C. Schulitz
Metal is likely one of the so much flexible fabrics to be had within the building and its many purposes have enabled architects and engineers to move a long way past what used to be thought of attainable. the second one quantity during this new sequence records all facets of metal as a development fabric. like the Glass building handbook, this quantity first seems to be on the old improvement of creating with metal. this can be via a number of chapters which learn to a excessive measure of technical element the actual houses of the cloth, the foundations of development utilizing metal and the large spectrum of using metal components.
The ultimate bankruptcy offers fifty four examples which illustrate the various purposes of metal in construction-from easy halls to advanced multistorey structures. those examples have been chosen due to their leading edge use of metal, demonstrating its nice capability for minimising the required fabrics and montage. For ease of comparability all of the plans were attracted to a similar scale.
The quantity concludes with an intensive bibliography and an inventory of the correct norms and laws, making this paintings an imperative reference for all architects and engineers.
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Extra info for Steel Construction Manual
While steelwork for industrial buildings was left exposed, it was generally still kept hidden behind intentionally massive cladding in other types of buildings during the following decades. This was for reasons of fire protection and building science as well as aesthetics. , under construction “Only during construction do skyscrapers reveal the bold constructional ideas, only then do we gain the overpowering impression of the ascending steel skeleton. ”41 This is how Ludwig Mies van der Rohe expressed his dissatisfaction in 1922 and drew attention to his design for a glass skyscraper for the Friedrichstrasse Station in Berlin.
The locked loadbearing cables consist of round and wedge wires internally and profiled wires externally. The ends of the cables are cast in. Levels and angles were constantly measured from a central platform during construction. The radial spacings were checked using steel wires running over pulleys and tensioned by counterweights. 91 Details which, following the principle of trussing, lead to delicate loadbearing structures with minimum use of materials characterize numerous works by Richard Rogers and his team.
The standard arrangement of trussed horizontal beam with stub compression member placed centrally (see Fig. 78) was still to be found in the 1876 edition of E. Brandt’s Lehrbuch der Eisenkonstruktionen. The adjacent illustration taken from Gottgetreu’s Lehrbuch der Hochbaukonstruktion shows the development from timber roof trusses, suitably modified step by step to attain greater spans – from post truss to complete cast iron and wrought iron structures, as the engineers Wiegmann and Polonceau invented independently in 1836 and 1839 respectively.