By Nicholas S R Walliman
Examine tools: the fundamentals is an available, ordinary advent to the various features of analysis thought, tools and practice.
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Extra info for Research methods : the basics
These views will be based on the philosophical stance that we take. Despite this, some people maintain that a study of the philosophy of the natural or human sciences is irrelevant to researchers. They remark that the study of philosophy consists of learning about how theory after theory has been erected, only to be torn down by the subsequent one, and that it has little bearing on the day-to-day practice of research and only causes confusion. So why should you find it necessary to know something about philosophy as a background to your research?
We can therefore all equally contribute to and share knowledge that reflects this reality. x Reliability – we can rely on our senses and reasoning to produce facts that reliably interpret reality. x Parsimony – the simpler the explanation the better. Theories should be refined to the most compact formulation . x Generality – the ‘rules’ of reality discovered through research can be applied in all relevant situations regardless of time and place. However, these assumptions are not accepted by the opposite camp in metaphysics and epistemology.
He recognized the importance of inductive thinking in the advancement of scientific knowledge, but highlighted its restrictions in finding the truth. Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) – held that our minds organize our experiences to make sense of the world. Therefore ‘facts’ are not independent of the way we see things and interpret them. Karl Popper (1902–1994) – formulated a combination of deductive and inductive thinking in the hypothetico-deductive method, commonly known as scientific method. This method aims to refine theories to get closer to the truth.