Politics and Sociolinguistic Reflexes: Palestinian Border by Muhammad Hasan Amara

By Muhammad Hasan Amara

This sociolinguistic examine describes and analyzes an Israeli Palestinian border village within the Little Triangle and one other village artificially divided among Israel and the West financial institution, tracing the political alterations that they've passed through, and the accompanying social and cultural adjustments. those political, social and cultural forces have ended in targeted sociolinguistic patterns.
The basic rationalization provided for the persisting linguistic frontier present in rural Palestinian groups is the continued social, political, financial and cultural alterations among Palestinian villages in Israel, and Palestinian villages within the West financial institution. within the geopolitical and monetary heritage of the villages, those differences were maintained through the varied therapy bought by means of the 2 groups and their population lower than Israeli executive coverage. Exacerbated by way of the Palestinian Intifada, the family members of the Palestinian divided groups to one another and to the remainder of the area have produced obvious alterations in fiscal, academic and cultural improvement. The sociolinguistic proof printed within the language state of affairs within the villages are examine proven to be correlated with political and demographic changes.

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Gonzales (l992) indicates that a Bethlehemite emigrant died in South America in l797. During the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth century, the conditions in the Ottoman Empire worsened thus encouraging Palestinians and especially the Christians to emigrate from Palestine. Karpat in Gonzales (l992) states that between the years l887 and l907 4,000 persons left Palestine. In l909, the Ottomans began to subject Christians and Jews to the military draft, which led to massive emigration among these groups.

They fled their homes, the majority to the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and others to the Arab neighboring countries, mainly to Jordan, Lebanon and Syria (Nazzal, 1974). The official Jewish policy was one of the main reasons for the flight of the Palestinian population (Morris, 1991). Towards the end of the 1948 War only 156,000 Palestinians remained in the Jewish state (see Al-Haj and Rosenfeld, 1990). Those who remained in Israel were mainly villagers. 80% lived in villages in three main areas: the Galilee, the Little Triangle and the Negev (Kanaana, 1975).

Fighting ensued and by the end of the Arab-Israeli War of 1948, the Jews established their Jewish State, called Israel, on more lands than it was allotted for the Jewish State by the UN Resolution 181. 6. The well known cases are the villages, Iqrit and Bir’im. These villages, located near the Lebanese border, were evacuated during 1948 War by the Israeli army. The Israeli authorities promised them to come back once the war is over. However, so far the villagers are not allowed to go back to their villages, and for about 50 years they run a legal and public struggle for returning to their villages.

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