By Mushira Eid, Clive Holes
The papers within the first part of this quantity, 'Variation in Arabic', care for a variety of subject matters: the functionality of contemporary regular Arabic (MSA) vs. dialect edition in political speeches, styles of version in harmony in Cairene dialect, the level to which Cairenes 'know' MSA, and the scope of emphaticization in numerous dialects.
In the part on 'Phonological views' there are papers facing emphasis unfold and with gemination/degemination/antigemination in Iraqi Arabic.
The papers within the part on syntax, all inquisitive about MSA and inside a GB framework, speak about points of Arabic which are problematical for present hypotheses in linguistics, and in addition extra conventional concerns equivalent to notice order and verbal vs. nominal sentences.
The final papers symbolize a old, comparative Semitic point of view: at the functionality of energic suffixes, and at the reconstruction of the early Arabic sounds represented by means of siin and šiin.
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Additional resources for Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics: Papers from the Annual Symposium on Arabic Linguistics. Volume V: Ann Arbor, Michigan 1991
Democracy . democracy means assuring the sovereignty of the people, placing all power in the hands of the people, and dedicating that power to the achievement of the goals of the people. . Democracy is political freedom, and socialism is social freedom. . We've said that before, it's in the Charter. . and democracy and socialism cannot be divided one from the other, under any circumstances... without them, or without one of them, it is impossible for freedom to be achieved... we've all got clear experience of t h i s .
The explanation for this, and a point which will be more fully elaborated in relation to SPE4, lies in the difference between speech material which is seen as 'text', and material which is to be construed as a 'commentary' on, or an exegesis of, that text. The first sentence is a statement of what (audience-inclusive) "our" slogan is—a slogan which might very well appear in a written form on an actual placard. This is the spoken 'text', whose status as such is signalled to the audience by the deliberate pause both before and after it, and the slow, deliberate delivery; and like any Arabic text which makes a claim to authoritativeness, it is expressed in standard Arabic.
The message in this part of the text is again an abstract one, at several removes from the experience of ordinary people. iigaabi "the policy of positive neutrality"; and the ends kasr hiddat it-tawattur "reducing the sharpness of the tension", ibςaad šabah il-harb "removing the specter of war", tasbiit is-salaam wa tadςiim is-salaam "stabilizing and supporting peace". 16, however, there is a perceptible downward style shift, signalled both lexically and morphosyntactically, before Nasir returns once more to his iςraab-less fushaa.