Personality Assessment via Questionnaires: Current Issues in by Alois Angleitner, Jerry S. Wiggins

By Alois Angleitner, Jerry S. Wiggins

ALOIS ANGLEITNER and JERRY S. WIGGINS The character questionnaire has been with us for greater than 60 years. it's been, and nonetheless is, the preferred approach to character review and it doubtless will stay so. the tactic has been sharply criticized considering that its inception (e. g. , Allport, 1921; Watson, 1933; Ellis, 1946; Janke, 1973), and this feedback can also be prone to proceed. The long-standing indifference of try con­ structors to criticisms in their craft is introduced domestic by means of noting the similarities among objections raised a long time in the past and those who are provided at the present time (Gynther & eco-friendly, 1982). inside of this context, one may good ask why a ebook on character questionnaires may still look at the moment. regardless of the centrality of the character questionnaire to character as­ sessment, there are, to our wisdom, no contemporary books at the basic subject of character questionnaires. there are naturally books on particular instru­ ments (e. g. , Dahlstrom, Welsh & Dahlstrom, 1972, 1975), books on interpre­ tation of particular tools (e. g. , Comrey, 1980), and books on particular is­ sues comparable to reaction types (e. g. , Block, 1965). even if now not in particular eager about character questionnaires, Bass and Berg's (1959) target Ap­ proaches to character evaluate handled a couple of concerns which are cen­ tral to questionnaires.

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K. (1982). Beyond deja vu in the search for cross-situational consistency. Psychological Review, 89, 730-755. , & Chernick, L. (1982). Specifying when personality traits can and cannot predict behavior: An alternative to abandoning the attempt to predict singleact criteria. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43,385-399. S. (1982). Coherence and cross-situational generality in personality: A new analysis of old problems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 754-768. A. (1964).

But what do we really want our subjects to do, in answering our questions? Ideally, what would be the cognitive and decision processes involved? We have little systematic analysis of that matter. We do have some information about response sets and styles, gained from analyzing the responses themselves. We know a little about the processes, as reported by subjects who introspect immediately after giving a response (Kuncel, 1973), but we need much more research on the topic (Jackson & Paunonen, 1980).

G. (1978). Consistency, self-consciousness, and the predictive validity of typical and maximal personality measures. Journal of Research in Personality. 12, 117-132. , & Gilliland, L. (1979). The comparative relevance and predictive validity of subject generated trait descriptions. Journal of Personality, 47, 230-244. S. (1982). The artificial dispute over implicit personality theory: An answer to Jackson, Stricker, and Mirels. Journal of Personality, 50, 251-260. -H. (1982). Implicit personality theory: Myth or fact?

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