By Sabine Kuhlmann, Geert Bouckaert
This ebook compares the trajectories and results of neighborhood public area reform in Europe and fills a learn hole that has existed thus far in comparative public management and native govt reports. in accordance with the result of fee learn entitled, ‘Local Public region Reforms: a global Comparison’, this quantity takes a European-scale technique, interpreting neighborhood executive in 28 nations. neighborhood govt has been the main heavily suffering from the always increasing international monetary problem and austerity regulations in a few nations, and is experiencing a interval of elevated reform job consequently. This e-book considers either these neighborhood governments that have followed or moved clear of New Public administration (NPM) modernization to ‘something diversified’ (what a few commentators have labelled ‘post-NPM’), in addition to these that have applied ‘other-than-NPM measures’, akin to territorial reforms and democratic thoughts.
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Extra info for Local Public Sector Reforms in Times of Crisis: National Trajectories and International Comparisons
Hlepas. 2006. Typologies of local government systems. In The European mayor: Political leaders in the changing context of local democracy, ed. H. Bäck, H. Heinelt, and A. Magnier, 21–42. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. John, P. 2001. Local governance in Western Europe. London/Thousand Oaks: Sage. ). 2003. Reforming local government in Europe. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. M. 2011. Public management reform in continental Europe: National distinctiveness. In The Ashgate research companion to new public management, ed.
KUHLMANN management tools and human-resource-related modernization. Although a broadly convergent reform discourse is apparent in this respect, a radical managerialization of the public sector, as was characteristic of the United Kingdom (and New Zealand), has not taken place in the majority of European administrations (Pollitt and Bouckaert 2011). 172). Nonetheless, this does not mean that reform activities at the local level have been minimal, but rather that different local government systems have adapted them to their respective cultural contexts (Peters 2013).
This assumption is conceptually inspired by historical institutionalism (cf. Pierson 2004), according to which answers to newly emerging problems are pre-structured by existing institutional arrangements and historically ingrained patterns of problem solving. 941; cf. ). Depending on its historically shaped institutional contexts and administrative cultures, each European country has thus viewed the concurring reform discourses (such as NPM) very differently. ” These in turn can have either a promoting or blocking effect on specific types of reforms and the resulting outcomes.