Integrated Life Cycle Design of Structures by Asko Sarja

By Asko Sarja

Traditionally the method of layout has targeting the development part itself, with the first target being to optimize potency and reduce expenditures in the course of improvement and development. With the circulate in the direction of extra sustainable improvement comes the necessity for this temporary method of be improved to surround the whole carrier lifetime of the constitution. This publication explains the right way to optimize the carrier lifetime of constructions, via an optimal built-in existence cycle layout strategy. Sustainability and fabric functionality concerns are detailed.

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At product development a more detailed application can be used. The principle of key attributes and parameters can be applied differently to each type of design case in order to get an optimal use of QFD method. 5. In industrial engineering, manufacturing companies have successfully applied concurrent engineering tools, such as quality function deployment (Akao 1990) to include customers’ needs for product features into design at early stages of development, to integrate concurrent design of products and related processes, and to consider all elements of the product life cycle.

The IEA Task 23 criteria were expressed in a form of performance requirements and they are given weights (on a scale of 1 to 5) depending on their importance (IEA 1998). The potential design solutions are then created in the form of properties and their correlation with the requirement is given (on a scale of 0, 1, 3 or 9). The QFD spreadsheet summarises numeric values of the properties at the bottom of the matrix by multiplying the correlation with their weights, so that high values indicate high priorities.

3 A2. 4 Site characteristics Transportation Services Loadings to immediate surroundings A3 Indoor conditions A3. Indoor climate 1 A3. Acoustics 2 A3. Illumination 3 A4 Service life and deterioration risks A4. Service life 1 A4. Deterioration risks 2 A5 Adaptability A5. Adaptability in design and use 1 A5. Space systems and pathways 2 A6 Safety A6. Structural safety 1 A6. Fire safety 2 LIFE CYCLE DESIGN METHODS A6. Safety in use 3 A6. Intrusion safety 4 A6. Natural catastrophes 5 A7 Comfort B Cost and environmental properties B1 Life cycle costs B1.

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