Hydration and Intermolecular Interaction. Infrared by Georg Zundel

By Georg Zundel

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Extra resources for Hydration and Intermolecular Interaction. Infrared Investigations with Polyelectrolyte Membranes

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If the cation were located not at a single oxygen atom of the — S 0 3" or —Se0 3~ ion but between two oxygen atoms, it would be necessary to assume that the position midway between the three oxygen atoms would be preferred over one midway between two such atoms. The midway position between the three oxygen atoms, however, is just the symmetrical position which, as we know, does not occur. Consequently the cation must be located at a single oxygen atom, as shown in Fig. 17(a). 3. LOCATION OF THE CATION + Ha* Na 0a) -!

3 The attachment of two cations to a single — S 0 ~ or — S e 0 ~ ion would also lead to a 3 3 disturbance of the C local symmetry. Such an attachment of two cations to a single 3v — S 0 " or — S e 0 ~ ion is, however, ruled out on grounds of electrical neutrality, + since 3 3 the — S 0 ~ ion is monovalent. It is nevertheless to be supposed that the — S 0 " M are 3 3 turned toward one another with monovalent cations, particularly if no water is present. It is not possible to demonstrate this from the experimental results in the case of mono­ valent ions.

I n Figs . 22-2 5 an d 28 . I n addition , for exampl e i n Fig . 26 , th e fairl y shar p ban d o-n1th e sid e towar d large r wav e numbers i s agai n clearl y t o b e see n a t 267 0 c m . I n th e othe r case s generall y only a shoulde r i s observed . Assignment of These Bands 1 1 The shoulde r a t abou t 325 0 c m " ( H 20 ) o r abou t 237 5 c m " (D aO): We hav e see n i n Sectio n III. 1 tha t a ban d i n thi s regio n ma y b e assignabl e to 2v 2, th e overton e o f th e scisso r vibratio n o f th e H 20 o r D 20 molecule .

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