Human Detection and Diagnosis of System Failures by Jens Rasmussen, William B. Rouse

By Jens Rasmussen, William B. Rouse

This ebook contains all the papers offered on the NATO Symposium on Human Detection and prognosis of process mess ups held at Roskilde, Denmark on August 4-8, 1980. The Symposium used to be subsidized through the clinical Affairs department of NATO and the increase nationwide Laboratory of Denmark. The aim of the Symposium used to be to proceed the culture initiated via the NATO Symposium on tracking habit and Supervisory regulate held in Berchtesgaden, F .R. Germany in 1976 and the NATO Symposium on idea and dimension of psychological Workload held in Mati, Greece in 1977. To this finish, a bunch of eighty five psychologists and engineers coming from undefined, govt, and academia convened to debate, and to generate a "state-of-the-art" consensus of the issues and suggestions linked to the human IS skill to deal with the expanding scale of results of disasters inside of advanced technical platforms. The advent of this quantity stories their findings. The Symposium used to be prepared to incorporate short formal shows of papers despatched to contributors approximately months just before the assembly, and enormous dialogue either in the course of plenary periods and inside of extra really good workshops. Summaries of the discussions and workshop stories look during this volume.

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S. C. A. INTRODUCTION The navigation of ships through the world's waters presents a continuing problem of system failure detection and diagnosis. In open, unrestricted waters with little or no traffic, the ship navigation system is fairly tolerant of errors and other failures. As ships approach narrow, restricted channels and increasing traffic densities, the systems failure tolerance decreases. Increasing hazards of large oil and chemical shipments create demands for systematic analysis of ways in which to minimize the risk of failures while still getting the needed cargoes moved economically.

Scanning broadly and continuously over the whole control board, letting automatic s~stems operate vs. intervening to adjust or override them. A FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYZING HUMAN SUPERVISORY CONTROL AND DIAGNOSTIC BEHAVIOUR Figure I schematizes a proposed framework for analyzing human supervisory control and diagnostic behaviour in nuclear plants and similar systems. It is not called a model in that it is not developed to the point of having predictive capability. It has benefited from discussions with and papers by many colleagues who, like myself, have been contemplating the human operator in complex systems for many years (Sheridan and Johannsen, 1976jKrishna-Rao, Ephrath, and Kleinman, 1979 j Rasmussen, 1978 j Johannsen & Rouse, 1979).

Oct. 29-31, 1979, pp. 362-365. , "Complex Military Decision-Making", Naval Research Reviews, 23/9, 1970, p. 12. Thompson, D. , Human Factors Issues in Proposed Aircraft Caution and Warning System Experimentation, Technical Report for Contract NCA2-0R745-710, Nasa Ames Research Center, 1978, 22 pp. 48 D. A. THOMPSON Van Gigch, J. , "A Model Used for Measuring the Information Processing Rates and Mental Load of Complex Activities", J. Can. Operational Res. Soc. 8, 116, 1970. Veitengruber, J. , and G.

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