Health and Environmental Safety of Nanomaterials: Polymer by James Njuguna, Krzysztof Pielichowski, Huijun Zhu

By James Njuguna, Krzysztof Pielichowski, Huijun Zhu

Health and Environmental safeguard of Nanomaterials addresses matters concerning the effect of nanomaterials at the surroundings and human future health, and examines the security of particular nanomaterials. figuring out the original chemical and actual houses of nanostructures has ended in many advancements within the purposes of nanocomposite fabrics. whereas those fabrics have functions in an incredible variety of parts, their capability for toxicity needs to be completely understood.

Part one introduces the houses of nanomaterials, nanofillers, and nanocomposites, and questions whether or not they are extra poisonous than their bulk opposite numbers. half seems to be on the liberate and publicity of nanomaterials. The textual content covers sampling options and knowledge research tools used to evaluate nanoparticle publicity, in addition to protocols for checking out the protection of polymer nanocomposites. It explains characterization ideas of airborne nanoparticles and lifestyles cycle overview of engineered nanomaterials. half 3 specializes in the security of yes nanomaterials, together with nanolayered silicates, carbon nanotubes, and steel oxides. specifically, it explores the capability ecotoxicological dangers linked to different buildings of carbon nanotubes and the secure recycling of inorganic and carbon nanoparticles. the ultimate chapters deal with the dangers of nanomaterials in hearth stipulations: their thermal degradation, flammability, and toxicity in several fireplace scenarios.

This is a systematic advisor with technical historical past for pros utilizing nanomaterials in undefined, scientists, academicians, examine students, and polymer engineers. It additionally deals a deep realizing of the topic for undergraduate and postgraduate students.

  • Introduces the houses of nanomaterials, nanofillers, and nanocomposites, and questions whether or not they are extra poisonous than their bulk counterparts
  • Covers sampling options and knowledge research tools used to evaluate nanoparticle publicity, in addition to protocols for checking out the security of polymer nanocomposites
  • Explores the capability ecotoxicological dangers linked to different buildings of carbon nanotubes and the secure recycling of inorganic and carbon nanoparticles

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Additional info for Health and Environmental Safety of Nanomaterials: Polymer Nancomposites and Other Materials Containing Nanoparticles

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Zeng, H. , Walter, R. and Friedrich, K. (2001), ‘Structure–property relationships of irradiation grafted nano-inorganic particle filled polypropylene composites’, Polymer, 42(1): 167–183. Sayes, C. , Gobin, A. , Ausman, K. , West, J. L. and Colvin, V. L. (2005) ‘Nano-C60 cytotoxicity is due to lipid peroxidation’, Biomaterials, 26: 7587–7595. , Raitano, J. -W. (2006), ‘Cerium and yttrium oxide nanoparticles are neuroprotective’, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 342(1): 86–91.

Van Zant, P. (2000), Microchip Fabrication, 4th edn. New York: McGraw-Hill. , Papageorgiou, G. and Bikiaris, D. (2006), ‘Dynamic mechanical and morphological studies of isotactic polypropylene/fumed silica nanocomposites with enhanced gas barrier properties’, Composites Science and Technology, 66(15): 2935–2944. , Shi, Z. et al. (2004) ‘Biodistribution of carbon single-wall carbon nanotubes in mice’, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 4: 1019–1024. Xiong, Y. and Xia, Y. (2007), ‘Shape-controlled synthesis of metal nanostructures: the case of palladium’, Advanced Materials, 19: 3385–3391.

Until we obtain cubes of nanometre size), the combined volumes of these cubes will still be the same as that of the original cube, but the surface area will be enormously increased, because of the very large number of new surfaces exposed following each cut. g. with pulmonary epithelium) will be much higher for nanomaterials compared with the same volume of bulk material. The clinical consequences of this concept are important. For example, a material with burning properties that came into contact with the skin would cause more extensive damage if made of nanoparticles.

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