By Maria Do Céu Esteves, Haiyan Zhang, Daniël Van den Bulcke
China's immersion on this planet financial system and buying and selling process is a persevered resource of serious curiosity in the course of the globe.The booklet is split into 3 elements, the 1st being an outline of the chinese language funding surroundings and the improvement of international direct funding (FDI) during the last 20 years. the second one half then is going directly to concentration particularly at the features of eu businesses excited by FDI into China. The 3rd half seems at various administration points of ecu invested agencies inside China, utilizing newly obtained data.This accomplished evaluation of ecu direct funding in China might be of significant curiosity to either scholars and teachers within the fields of chinese language Economics and enterprise, Organisational idea and the speculation of the enterprise. The concluding enterprise and coverage implications of the booklet also will make it very worthy to execs and policy-makers.
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Additional info for European Union Direct Investment in China: Characteristics, Challenges and Perspectives (Studies in Global Competition, 15)
These Western pioneers in China came to the SEZs not to take advantage of the location-bound resources, as was the case for most Asian investors, but for ‘testing the water’, that is, learning about how to operate in the Chinese market and/or preparing for a long-term involvement. In 1984, the Chinese government extended the tax and tariff incentives for foreign companies to fourteen coastal cities, including former colonial metropoles Abolishment of FDI prohibition by the introduction of Joint Venture Law, Civil Procedure Law, Joint Venture Income Tax Law, etc.
The relative wage rate is strongly relevant for the inflow of FDI for export-processing and cost-based efficiency-seeking operations. Transportation costs might have an important impact on the foreign company’s decision for the choice between, either exports to foreign markets or FDI for local market purposes. As far as FDI in exportoriented production is concerned, intra-firm trade has to take transportation costs into account as the normal outcome of the company’s integrated crossborder production network.
Yet, operations by foreign investors in these subsectors were still limited to certain specific activities and locations. In fact, the access to the service sector is still conditional, restrictive and incomplete. In June 1995, the Chinese government published foreign investment guidelines, that is, the so-called ‘Industry Catalogue’. The object of this regulation was to direct FDI towards the encouraged sectors. The Catalogue divided investment into four categories: encouraged, permitted, restricted and prohibited investment.