Clitic and Affix Combinations: Theoretical perspectives by Lorie Heggie, Francisco Ordóñez

By Lorie Heggie, Francisco Ordóñez

During this quantity, the connection among clitics and affixes and their combinatorial homes has resulted in a significant dialogue of the interface among syntax, morphology, semantics, and phonology that pulls on quite a few theoretical views (e.g., HPSG , Optimality concept, Minimalism). Clitic/affix phenomena supply a wealthy variety of information, not just for the identity of an affix vs. clitic, but additionally for tips on how to clarify ordering constraints, a few of that are contradictory. various languages are thought of, together with Romance and Slavic languages, in addition to Turkish, Greek, Icelandic, Korean, and Passamaquoddy. furthermore, numerous articles contemplate dialectal microparameterization, particularly in Spanish, French, and Occitan. This quantity therefore displays present debate on matters corresponding to clitic ordering constraints, the connection of clitics to inalienable ownership and the left outer edge, and templatic techniques to affixes vs. clitics whereas reading a vast diversity of languages.

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Clitic and Affix Combinations: Theoretical perspectives

During this quantity, the connection among clitics and affixes and their combinatorial homes has resulted in a significant dialogue of the interface among syntax, morphology, semantics, and phonology that pulls on a number of theoretical views (e. g. , HPSG , Optimality idea, Minimalism). Clitic/affix phenomena offer a wealthy variety of information, not just for the identity of an affix vs.

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Indeed, adjoining the clitic to the (right of the) subject yields the desired output, as seen in (21), where the symbol ’=’ indicates that the right-hand element is adjoined to the left-hand one, the host. I will return to the adjunction process, showing that in fact there is neither right nor left adjunction under the present nonlinear representation. First, let’s strengthen the analysis by ruling out alternative operations and claims. 12 (687-736) Louis-H. Desouvrey Consider the detail of the derivation that is intended to avoid the violation of the OCP.

2 (107-165) Louis-H. Desouvrey b. *Marie le me donnera. ’ (3) a. *Marie me lui montrera. ’ b. *Marie me te présentera. ’ The sentences in (1) and (2) show a sharp contrast that, to the best of my knowledge, has been overlooked in the literature (but see Nicol, this volume): the direct object clitic must precede the indirect object clitic in a cluster of third person clitics, while the indirect object clitic must precede the direct object clitic when both clitics are not of the same person. As for the sentences in (3), they show that certain clusters are not possible.

R 1 sg C) + (–R 3 sg acc) Case Rt PersRt * *! We have observed that an optimality theoretic approach describes clitic combinations and restrictions by adopting a theory in which alignment constraints interact and lead to a contradiction that then requires the need for the language to adopt an unexpected sequence of clitics in order to resolve the contradiction. 5 The exploitation of underspecification in this approach is attractive and is revisited in Heap (this volume) under a Feature Geometry approach and in Nicol (this volume) in a minimalist approach.

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