Challenges for Agricultural Research by OECD

By OECD

Because the international has replaced up to now 50 years, so has agriculture. And so has agricultural study, which keeps to confront new demanding situations, from meals protection to ecological issues to land use matters. certainly, as man Paillotin, the previous president of the French nationwide Institute for Agricultural examine (INRA) has famous, agricultural learn has reached new heights in biology and is exploring different disciplines. it's eternally altering, as are the wishes of the society. The altering demanding situations confronted via agricultural examine have been tested intensive at a convention organised by means of the OECDs Co-operative study Programme on organic source administration for Sustainable Agricultural structures, including the Czech Republics Ministry of Agriculture. individuals got here from all agricultural sectors and incorporated farmers, undefined, scientists and choice makers, in addition to different stake holders. This e-book provides the twenty papers added on the convention. They spotlight contemporary significant growth in agricultural study results and deal with the demanding situations that lie forward. www.oecd.org/agriculture/crp

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There are many steps and many actors from field to fork, such as farmers, agricultural workers, truck drivers, shopkeepers, government officials and consumers. , 2008). Hence public programmes and incentives might be needed to motivate socially desirable reductions in crop losses and food waste. CHALLENGES FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH – © OECD 2010 40 – 1. , et al. , Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 1311-1318. , et al. (2007), “Reversing the Flow: Agricultural Water Management Pathways for Poverty Reduction”, Chapter 4 in Water for Food, Water for Life: A Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, Earthscan, London, and International Water Management Institute, Colombo.

There are many steps and many actors from field to fork, such as farmers, agricultural workers, truck drivers, shopkeepers, government officials and consumers. , 2008). Hence public programmes and incentives might be needed to motivate socially desirable reductions in crop losses and food waste. CHALLENGES FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH – © OECD 2010 40 – 1. , et al. , Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 1311-1318. , et al. (2007), “Reversing the Flow: Agricultural Water Management Pathways for Poverty Reduction”, Chapter 4 in Water for Food, Water for Life: A Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, Earthscan, London, and International Water Management Institute, Colombo.

Biofuel production can also affect water quality by increasing nutrient loads in rivers and lakes. , 2008). , 2008). Comparing actual and projected land and water use for food production with and without additional demand for biofuels, De Fraiture et al. (2008) also find that while biofuels are of lesser concern at the global level, local and regional impact could be substantial. They argue that the strain on water resources in China and India makes it unlikely that policy makers will pursue biofuel options, at least those based on traditional field crops.

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