The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Authoritarianism: by Milan Zafirovski

By Milan Zafirovski

Perhaps no traditional knowledge is extra universal and enduring in Western societies, specially the United States, than that of Protestant Puritanism because the resource of recent liberty and democracy. "Puritans" can have turn into an extinct or endangered species within the unique feel via the early twenty first century, yet remain venerated as either the creators and the future of those societies, essentially the United States and secondarily nice Britain. "Puritans are lifeless as a reputation, lengthy stay Puritans as an idea and legacy"--that is how Puritanism might be defined in the United States on the threshold of the 3rd millennium. This booklet severely reexamines the hyperlink of Puritanism and liberty in ancient and comparative point of view. The ebook exposes "Puritanism and liberty" as a loved fable or "sweet lie", suggesting that the Puritan "emperor has no cloths", in traditionally Protestant societies, fairly the USA. It indicates that "Puritanism and liberty" seems to be the complete opposite, enduringly in the USA and quickly in nice Britain. If Puritanism is as American because the apple pie, then it's the "apple pie" of authoritarianism and theocracy instead of of liberty and democracy.

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The Next Wave: Using Digital Technology to Further Social by Darrell M. West

By Darrell M. West

The electronic revolution is in complete strength yet many private and non-private quarter leaders are stymied: How can they maximize the whole capability of electronic expertise? This hesitancy places a brake at the transformational strength of electronic expertise and skill deepest businesses and governmental our bodies fall good at the back of different electronic pioneers. Darrell West makes a speciality of the following wave of applied sciences and the way they could additional improve U.S. social and political innovation. West champions exploiting technological advances to assist agencies turn into quicker, smarter, and extra effective. shoppers can set up new electronic expertise to enhance future health care, achieve entry to schooling, research from the inside track media, and money public zone functionality. New garage systems akin to high-speed broadband, cellular communications, and cloud computing permit and increase either social and monetary improvement. although, to realize those merits, policymakers needs to realize the legitimacy of public fears approximately expertise and the privateness and defense risks posed via the web. Their target needs to be to additional innovation and funding whereas additionally preserving easy social and person values. West argues that electronic know-how innovation is constant in lots of methods with own and social values; humans can set up electronic know-how to enhance participation and collaboration, and political leaders can paintings with the non-public zone to stimulate a flowering of innovation in various coverage parts.

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Morality and Human Nature: A New Route to Ethical Theory by Robert Mcshea

By Robert Mcshea

Plato requested, "How shall a guy live?" during this quantity, Robert J. McShea bargains an enormous, critical, and debatable solution to that perennial query. during this inquiry into the origins of human values, the writer argues that values are in response to feelings instead of on cause. The human skill to remember the previous, to visualize destiny results of activities, and to bear in mind concurrently of current, prior, and possible destiny emotions shape the root of ethical judgments. what's actually invaluable to people is a outcome in their species nature; hence, ethical conception is the research of that nature. this can be what McShea calls the human nature culture, from "know thyself": to "the noblest research of guy is man." utilizing ethology (studies of animal behavior), the writer seeks to remind the reader of the importance of species being to the certainty of all creatures, and hence of ourselves. In viewing ethical values as bobbing up from human nature, McShea demanding situations a couple of influential theories-notably, the assumption that values are items of tradition. Written out of a transforming into feel that our society unearths itself in an ethical and social limbo, Morality and Human Nature aurges that we begin afresh and calls us to a continuing reassessment of mores and social practices within the gentle in their adaptability to human feeling. writer observe: Robert J. McShea is Professor of Political technology, Emeritus, at Boston college.

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Gendered Mobilities (Transport and Society) by Tanu Priya Uteng and Tim Cresswell

By Tanu Priya Uteng and Tim Cresswell

Being socially and geographically cellular is mostly noticeable as one of many valuable features of women's wellness. along with future health, schooling and political participation, mobility is crucial to ensure that girls to arrive objectives similar to organization and freedom. construction on new philosophical underpinnings of 'mobility', wherein society is visible to be framed via the convergence of assorted mobilities, this quantity specializes in the intersection of mobility, social justice and gender.The authors give some thought to 5 hugely interdependent mobilities that shape and reform social existence: the starting place, divisions and implication of actual commute for paintings, rest, relations lifestyles, migration and break out; actual stream of products and their gendered affects; the gendered content material of imagined commute via televisual photographs; digital commute through the net; and communicative trip via person-to-person messages through letters, mobilephone, fax and cellphone. They argue that, although constraints in accessibility can produce limited mobility, the variety of things constraining women's mobility is going well past delivery, protecting a whole variety of social, cultural, spiritual, monetary, ethnic, and political elements and strategies.

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Geographical Information and Planning: European Perspectives by John Stillwell, Stan Geertman, Stan Openshaw

By John Stillwell, Stan Geertman, Stan Openshaw

The Nineteen Nineties have visible a few outstanding alterations in geographical details (GI) provision and machine expertise that experience impacted on a few of the actions that represent making plans in all its various varieties. despite the fact that, quite few texts within the box of geographical info structures (GIS) and making plans were released when you consider that Henk Scholten and John Stillwell edited Geographical details platforms for city and local making plans in 1990. This quantity seeks to redress the stability by means of displaying how GI of varied kinds is getting used in city, actual, environmental, socio-economic and enterprise making plans contexts at neighborhood, local and nationwide scales with the help of GIS and modelling tools, and the way the makes use of of GI and GI applied sciences have developed over the past decade. in this interval, a few conferences happened in Europe in numerous destinations organised at the beginning by way of ecu Geographical details structures (EGIS, 1990- ninety four) and extra lately by way of the Joint eu convention and Exhibition (JEC) on Geographical details (1995-97). those conferences introduced jointly individuals of the GI neighborhood from internationally to debate GI examine and GIS purposes. one of many targeted curiosity teams linked to the JEC gatherings was once that on 'Geographical info and making plans' and several other of the contributions during this booklet have their origins in papers provided to the group's meetings.

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Evolution of Dam Policies: Evidence from the Big Hydropower by Waltina Scheumann, Oliver Hensengerth

By Waltina Scheumann, Oliver Hensengerth

The international fee on Dams (WCD) record (2000) “Dams and improvement: a brand new Framework for Decision-Making” set a landmark within the ongoing controversy over huge dams. Now that greater than ten years have handed, one has to achieve that the WCD norms subject. besides the fact that, their genuine probability of changing into carried out depends on no matter if their middle values, strategic priorities and guidance are authorised via nationwide decision-makers and are translated into reliable guidelines and practices. The book’s significant drawback is whether or not the large hydropower states have stronger their criteria for setting and resettlement, and even if overseas criteria are utilized or exist merely on paper.

The introductory and synthesis chapters current the methodological procedure and talk about the findings. different chapters study alterations in dam regulations within the enormous hydropower states Brazil, China, India and Turkey; the position of non-governmental companies in advocating opposed to the Turkish Ilisu Dam venture at the Tigris River; the innovations of foreign Rivers and global flora and fauna Fund for Nature within the worldwide hydropower online game; the rules of the German govt and its positioning within the dam debate, and the engagement of chinese language actors in development the Bui Dam (Ghana) and the Kamchay Dam (Cambodia).

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Rural Planning from an Environmental Systems Perspective by Frank B. Golley, Juan Bellot

By Frank B. Golley, Juan Bellot

This booklet synthesizes wisdom from numerous fields which are an important to sustainable rural improvement: the actual setting, organic and agricultural construction, rural sociology and economics. It takes a platforms point of view incorporating platforms research, panorama research and soil, water, and land making plans. Rural making plans from an Environmental structures viewpoint is directed towards graduate scholars and pros, supplying a resource of data and ideas for these fascinated about land and water rules and perform. It provides an built-in technique utilizing sensible and appropriate types and strategies and takes a center place among an easy conceptual method of land and water administration and a hugely mathematically complicated treatise established completely on procedure modeling. The e-book is predicated on nearly 20 years of expertise in educating a path on rural making plans and the surroundings on the overseas Centre for complex Mediterranean Agronomic experiences in Zaragoza, Spain. The authors are experts from universities, learn associations and corporations in Europe and North the United States.

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Pensions: More Information, Less Ideology: Assessing the by Tito Boeri, Axel Börsch-Supan, Agar Brugiavini, Richard

By Tito Boeri, Axel Börsch-Supan, Agar Brugiavini, Richard Disney, Arie Kapteyn, Franco Peracchi

Europeans live longer, and less now stay within the labour strength as they get older. Many eu nations have replied to the consequent monetary strain by way of reforming their public pension platforms and health and wellbeing care programmes. there's huge uncertainty as to the results of those reforms - as they generally don't regulate the unfunded nature of public welfare preparations and this uncertainty is itself high priced. not just does it undermine the credibility of public welfare programmes, however it can also distort labour provide behaviour, judgements relating to discounts and capital accumulation. extra mostly there's uncertainty concerning the total impression of getting older on welfare and society and the a number of domain names within which its results could boost.
Pensions: additional information, much less Ideology builds at the latest facts - in most cases within the box of public pensions - and highlights the benefits that will be bought via:

  • harmonising methodologies utilized in a number of the international locations to file pension outlays and forecast destiny pension liabilities or extra more often than not public spending;
  • defining universal criteria as to the frequency of expenditure forecasts and the size of the forecast horizons for welfare expenses;
  • constructing ecu longitudinal survey of people pre- and publish retirement age, supplying well timed info on a big selection of choices through members and family concerning the growing old procedure and the continued trends.

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