By Gernot Minke
Publish 12 months note: First released Janurary 1st 2011
Traditionally a development fabric of sizzling weather zones in Asia and Latin the USA, bamboo is more and more came upon by way of architects of the Northern hemisphere to boot. it really is light-weight, hugely elastic and ductile, and also deals characteristics specially well known in an period of restricted assets, renewability and ample availability.
Architects and engineers have considerably widened the purposes of bamboo in recent times and at the present time even wide-span bridges could be equipped from it. inspired with its technical and aesthetic percentages, ecu, jap and North American architects have followed bamboo for various building projects, starting from particular deepest apartments to experimental pavilions, and from ethereal canopies to high schools or museums.
The e-book offers a close handbook for bamboo buildings and offers a large choice of equipped examples, between them the unbelievable bamboo pavilions of the 2010 Shanghai international Exposition, a parking storage in Leipzig, Germany, the Nomadic Museum in Mexico City and Richard Rogers Terminal four at Madrid Airport.
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Additional resources for Building with Bamboo: Design and Technology of a Sustainable Architecture
11 constructive elements and systems 49 Beams, Trusses and Porticos Using a single cane as a beam is normally not adequate, since it is weak in bending, and supports only one line and not an area if there is no special support. For this reason, single canes are used as beams only in short spans or reduced loads. 14). To prevent the cane from opening or breaking, its support must be below a node; or better to fill the extremes of the cane with material that is resistant to compression, such as concrete.
If the canes are submitted to loads that could produce splitting, it is necessary to fill the internodes adjacent to the joint, and those where bolts pass through, with a mixture of cement mortar, preferably with a plastifying additive that improves the fluidity of the mixture. Spacing between bolts must not be less than 150 mm or greater than 250 mm in joints submitted to tension and less than 100 mm in joints submitted to compression. 1). 17). 9 show solutions by Marcel Kalberer for joints that transfer minor loads; these solutions use commonly available connection elements.
The majority of the fungi that damage the cane require a moisture content higher than the saturation point of the fibres. Therefore one must ensure that the areas exposed to rain are well-ventilated. 12). 14. • Joints designed for contac t must be exact. 12 one sees that there is insufficient contact between canes, so forces are transferred only by the screw. If the joint is subjected to high loads, the screw will split the bamboo. • For finishes, do not use paints that create a vapour barrier.