Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing by Altmann, Gabriel, Gabriel Altmann

By Altmann, Gabriel, Gabriel Altmann

This quantity offers 12 papers on a brand new method of the research of writing platforms. For the 1st time, quantitative equipment are brought into this sector of study in a scientific means. the person contributions supply an summary approximately quantitative homes of symbols and of writing structures, introduce equipment of research, learn person writing structures as used for various languages, organize an explanatory version of phenomena attached to script development/evolution, and provides a standpoint to a basic conception of writing structures.

Show description

Read Online or Download Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing Systems (Quantitative Linguistics) (German Edition) PDF

Similar language & grammar books

Gestures in Language Development (Benjamins Current Topics)

Gestures are well-known in communique and tightly associated with language and speech. As such they could shed very important mild on problems with language improvement around the lifespan. This quantity, initially released as a different factor of Gesture quantity 8:2 (2008), brings jointly reports from various disciplines that study language improvement in little ones and adults from various views.

Information status and noncanonical word order in English

Concentrating on info prestige and noncanonical be aware order in English, this paintings considers structures which contain both preposing or postposing or either (argument reversal). just about noncanonical observe order, the ebook considers the problem of what constitutes accepted as opposed to unusual info inside of an utterance, in addition to the connection among conventional details and the resource of its familiarity.

Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse: Extending the pragma-dialectical theory of argumentation (Argumentation in Context)

In Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse, Frans H. van Eemeren brings jointly the dialectical and the rhetorical dimensions of argumentation via introducing the idea that of strategic maneuvering. Strategic maneuvering refers back to the arguer’s continuous efforts to reconcile aiming for effectiveness with being average.

Clitic and Affix Combinations: Theoretical perspectives

During this quantity, the connection among clitics and affixes and their combinatorial homes has ended in a significant dialogue of the interface among syntax, morphology, semantics, and phonology that attracts on a number of theoretical views (e. g. , HPSG , Optimality thought, Minimalism). Clitic/affix phenomena offer a wealthy variety of knowledge, not just for the id of an affix vs.

Extra resources for Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing Systems (Quantitative Linguistics) (German Edition)

Sample text

The third possibility would be to consider the grapheme as representing the cluster /br/, but in that case the analysis would produce an enormous number of phonemes, clusters and graphemic representations. We chose the first alternative, which yielded a reasonable image of this kind of English. On the other hand, we could not avoid the fact that some single graphemes represent a group of phonemes, for example in the word COMPUTER represents the group of phonemes /y uw/, or in BOX represents /k s/.

It is defined as the sum of squares of the probability of graphemic representations, K R = ∑ p2i . e. pi = fi /N, which gives R= 1 K 2 ∑ fi . N 2 i=1 (3a) Here Kand N are different for each phoneme. This index shows the concentration of graphemic representatives. If all frequencies are concentrated in one grapheme, then R = 1. e. the diversity is maximal, it attains the value R = 1/K. e. R is the coordinate of the phoneme. 9898. 2265. It is possible to norm R in order to restrict it to the interval <0, 1>, but we leave in its original form.

8) xb where K is the proportionality constant having the function of the normalizing constant, since we use (8) as a probability distribution. The parameter b is, again, a control parameter braking over-strong polyphonemy. Formula (8) is usually called Zipf’s law or zeta distribution. Now, theoretically (8) has an infinite support, which is a nonrealistic situation. For our purposes it will be truncated after x = 10 because no grapheme represents more than 10 phonemes (up to now or in this variant of English).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.95 of 5 – based on 45 votes