An Onomasiological Theory of English Word-Formation by Pavol Stekauer

By Pavol Stekauer

Pavol Štekauer offers an unique method of the problematic difficulties of English word-formation. The emphasis is at the strategy of coining new naming devices (words). this is often defined by means of an onomasiological version, which takes as its element of departure the naming wishes of a speech group, and proceeds via conceptual mirrored image of extra-linguistic truth and semantic research to the shape of a brand new naming unit. for this reason, it's the shape which implements recommendations given via semantics through the so-called Form-to-Meaning project Principle.
Word-formation is conceived of as an self sufficient part, interrelated with the lexical part through offering it with new naming devices, and by way of employing the word-formation bases of naming devices kept within the Lexicon. The relation to the Syntactic part is simply mediated in the course of the Lexical component.
In addition, the ebook offers a brand new method of productiveness. it truly is maintained that word-formation techniques are as effective as syntactic tactics. This appreciably new technique presents easy solutions to a couple of conventional difficulties of word-formation.

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It was probably Rohrer who, with his short paper (1974), gave an impetus to a discussion on the place of modality in word-formation, though some points of the topic had been discussed by Bach (1968). Referring to Bach, 46 Word Formation Bauer (1983: 150) claims that, for example, house-boat and teacher in the sentences (12) Our house-boat has been turned into a cafeteria. When I grow up I want to be a teacher. are tensed because, in the former sentence, houseboat refers to something that was a houseboat, and teacher in the latter sentence refers to future.

As will be illustrated in Chapter 3, the productivity of word-formation is no less than that of any other component. If productivity is conceived of as an ability of Word-Formation Rules to respond to the naming needs of a speech community, then one arrives at the concept of the so-called 100% productive Word-Formation Type Clusters. Let us move to another line of arguments sometimes adduced in favour of a direct interconnection of word-formation and syntax. D. Kastovsky (1982b, 1993) maintains that there is another common field of word-formation and syntax.

The other possibility is based on a potential word perdit. In the latter case, however, one must distinguish between the notion of a potential word as applied to this particular case, and the term auxiliary naming unit which will be introduced later in this book to account for some instances of "exocentric compounds" and "back-formations". An auxiliary naming unit takes part in coining a new naming unit prior to coming into actual use itself. An important difference consists in the fact that for example, as opposed to the auxiliary peddle, the potential perdit, does not exist as an independent naming unit.

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